As you begin to look into the study of stem cell research and their regenerative properties, you will come across a multitude of scholar articles and the like. Understanding these articles can be difficult for people who have no advance knowledge or education in the medical field. Biology comes as a standard class in high school, but unless you have photographic memory – you probably do not remember much from it.
This article helps give you a basic understanding of stem cells, their extraction process and their benefit to the body more adequately.
Types of Stem Cells
There are three types of accessible autologous stem cells for the human body and include:
The most known of the three stem cells is blood. Extracted through a process called apheresis, the donor’s blood is drawn through a machine. The machine extracts the stem cells from the blood and pushes the blood’s remaining properties back into the body.
The process is similar to blood donation, but requires a more high-tech machinery that helps differentiate between the stem cells and the remaining properties of the blood.
- Bone Marrow
Another well-known autologous stem cell is found through bone marrow. The more painful, but effective stem cell extraction, bone marrow extraction takes a less invasive approach than blood donation. Surgeons and physicians use a drill, usually through the femur or iliac crest, to get the stem cells from the bone marrow.
- Adipose Tissue
Also referred to as lipid cells, adipose tissue uses a liposuction approach for extraction. While once thought to be a hindrance for regenerative properties, recent discoveries in the endocrine function of adipose tissue created a more reliable extraction and reinsertion for healing.
The Effects of Stem Cells on the Body
Companies such as Progenicare have made it their mission to help alleviate the stress and pain of making accessible autologous stem cells work for patients who require the procedure. In order to do so, it is important for each patient and surgeon to understand the importance of each stem cell extraction and their ability to help with regeneration within the body.
- Blood Stem Cells
Referred to as hematopoietic stem cells (“HSC”), HSC from blood stem cells help with the regenerative properties of the skin, blood and intestinal organs. Surgeons have learned that through peripheral, circulating blood it is easier to extract HSC’s from the blood. Using a treatment of cytokine, surgeons can coax more stem cells from marrow to blood within only a few hours, making extraction less painful than bone marrow extraction.
- Bone Marrow Extraction
Another source of HSC’s, bone marrow extraction comes at a more painful price. Using a drill, surgeons extract the stem cells directly from the bone marrow. These stem cells, while more painful to extract, have the most benefits and the extraction process usually takes several minutes, a much shorter time period than blood cell extraction.
HSC’s are able to help with the regeneration of all organ tissues, including blood, skin and intestinal organs.
- Adipose Tissue
Adipose tissue stem cells contain storage of triglycerides that help with the regenerative properties of deep skin wounds, such as third-degree burns. Using an effective method, surgeons help patients with skin grafts that help heal the wound quicker with the adipose tissue.
Stem Cell Research Continues to Thrive as a “Hail Mary” for Many
As you are beginning your research about stem cell research, you will find that it is the only way to help improve regenerative properties within the human body. While certain procedures are preferred over others varying on the need for the stem cells, they all have their importance in giving many people a second chance in recovering from serious wounds or fatal illnesses.
Continue your journey through knowledge by understanding the difference between each and differentiating which is more effective for each patient type.